Endocrine system is simply a given network of body glands, which produces and releases hormones, which are very useful in controlling the body functions. One of the body functions is the ability for the body to change the calories to energy, which is very helpful in activation of the cells and body organs (Diabetes Health Center, 2012). It is the endocrine system that influences the rate of the heartbeat and the development, and the growth of bones and tissues. Diabetes is one of the most common endocrine system diseases. It is a condition characterized by inadequate production of insulin hormones by the pancreas. This equally is very dangerous disease to the human population.
There are many types of diabetes, which mainly comes about as result of poor balancing of the blood sugar level in the body. Three main types of the diabetes include type 1diabetes, type II diabetes and the gestational diabetes. The type 1 diabetes is mainly coursed by the failure of the body to produce insulin for it to perform its functions. It is also referred to as an auto immune disease since the body immune system destroys the cells in the pancreas responsible for production of insulin. It is also referred to as the juvenile on set diabetes. This type of disease can appear at any age especially under 40 years and account for almost 10 to 15 % of all the people with the disease. The major influence for the course is that it is triggered by the environmental factors, which include food chemicals, viruses. The major control for this type of diabetes is the frequent injection with the insulin and being able to follow prescribed diet strictly through an exercised plan.
The other type of diabetes, type 2, is also known as non insulin dependent. This type of diabetes is most common type and accounts for about 85 to 90 % of the disease cases. It is also called the late onset diabetes, which is characterized by resistance of insulin, which leads to insulin deficiency (Dorner, Pinget & Brogard, 1977). This type 2 is generic in nature, but there are other lifestyle factors, that enhance its courses such as overweight, high blood pressure, and very poor diet. Its symptoms may take very many years to show and only appears when there is development of a significant problem. Many people who suffer from this type of disease normally have got higher percentage of suffering form the cardiovascular disease. The main mode of treatment for the disease could be through the dietary exchanges. Doing exercises and having insulin injection to the patients suffering from the disease may help at some length.
The third type is gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM).GDM has very much intolerance and is always diagnosed through the first times during the pregnancy, which is done via oral glucose tolerance test. About 5 to 8 % of the pregnant women would develop this type of diabetes. The major risk factors that contributes to its spread is that the family inheritance or history of the disease (National Health Call Centre Network Limited, 2012). The increased maternal age also is a contributing factor. Being in a family linage, which is under the influence of the diabetes disorder may also play a role in spreading this disease. The development of self care programs within the family is a major way in which we can help in the reduction of the disease effectively in the endocrine system.
Type 1 diabetes is inherited mainly and in other aspects, it is due to certain infections through the Coxsackie B4 virus. This is a genetic factor through the self identities manly relied upon the immune system. However, type 2 diabetes is also caused by other cells in the body. The cells that cause the diabetes are due to the genetic defects on the B cell function and the mitochondria DNA mutations in the body (Rother, 2007). The gene problems for instance the insulin gene mutations, insulin receptor mutations and other exocrine pancreatic side effects are the major factors that disfigure the cells, which then facilitate the formation of the diabetes problem. These cells help in the cause of the diabetes diseases to the people who experience such side effects. In addition, the diabetes is very dangerous disease, which should be prevented by all cost.
The major symptoms of the disease in the body system are physical, emotional and psychological. These include three major symptoms namely polyuria, polydsia and polyphagia. These factors reflect such features as frequent urination, increased thirst and increased appetite respectively. However, there are other common symptoms of the two forms, which include loss of body weight, poor vision, numbness in the hands, inadequate energy or fatigue, having dry skin, skin infections, itching of the genitals and more regular cramps. These are the factors, that reflect the most features of the disease whenever the body endocrine system is infected with the diabetes disease.
In conclusion, controlling the endocrine disease, there is generally needed for the change of lifestyle in the manner that can help in keeping up the blood sugar level effectively. The eating habits must be changed and once the person is affected then proper medication should be done appropriately. This can make the best ways of managing the disease.